React Hooks Color Picker

Today, I’ll show you how you can build your very own color picker using React Hooks.

It is easy to build reusable, stateful components with React Hooks, which respond immediately to user interaction and are completely reusable.

Before diving in, let’s take a second to review how to use the useState hook, since it will be the main ingredient in completing our project.

Note: Hooks were added from React 16.8, so be sure you have at least this version of React installed if you have any trouble importing

useState Hook

To get started, you will need to import the useState hook from react like so:

import React, { useState } from react

After that, we can define our state as well as a function to update its value using destructuring:

const [hue, setHue] = useState(50);

The first value, hue is our state value. setHue is our method to update the value of hue, and the value between the parenthesis in useState() is our initial value.

Previously, using class-based stateful components, one would do something like this:

// To set the initial value
constructor() {
  this.state = {
    hue: 50,

// To reference the value
const hue = this.state.hue;

// To update the value of this.state.hue
  hue: 51

Hooks simplifies all of that with a few brief lines of code:

// To set initial value of state
const [hue, setHue] = useState(50);

// To reference that value

// To update the value of hue

So, with that quick crash course about the useState Hook, let’s get started coding our color picker.

What we’re building

Color picker preview

This will be a very simple demonstration. At the top, we’ll have a ColorBox component, which will show the current color and change dynamically with user interaction. Below that, there will be three range sliders to adjust the hue, saturation and brightness of the currentColor.

Adding state

As described above, we can use hooks to control the state of each range picker dimension. First, let’s define our state in the App body, like so:

const [hue, setHue] = useState(210);
const [saturation, setSaturation] = useState(50);
const [lightness, setLightness] = useState(50);

We can then create a const called currentColor, which we can pass later as a prop to our ColorBox component:

const currentColor = `hsl(${hue}, ${saturation}%, ${lightness}%)`;

RangeInput component

Next, let’s create a range input component, since it will be reused 3 times.

const RangeInput = ({ label, value, max = 100, onChange }) => {
  return (
      <label>{label}</label>{' '}
        onChange={e => {

I set max = 100 by default, since for two of the range sliders, 100 is the max. For hue, on the other hand, the max value will go to 360, so we can pass props as such to define this one:

<RangeInput label="Hue" value={hue} onChange={setHue} max={360} />

The other inputs will look like this:



ColorBox component

For the ColorBox component, I will use styled-components. You can add this dependency by doing npm install styled-components. With this library, we can not only create the basic styles for this component, but also pass the current color we defined above as props, as such:

const ColorBox = styled.div`
  background-color: ${({ currentColor }) => currentColor};
  height: 50px;
  margin: 0 auto 16px;
  width: 50px;

For more information about how to use styled-components, see Adapting styled components based on props.

We can then pass the current color through props, and the background color of this component will automatically update when the value of hue, saturation or brightness changes.

<ColorBox currentColor={currentColor} />

Summing up

And there you have it! With a few lines of code you have your own custom color picker made with React Hooks.

Of course, useState is not the only React Hook out there. To go further with your React Hooks studies, please check out the official React Hooks docsat reactjs.org.

Live demo

Below you will find a working demo to compare your code to. Feel free to fork the project and continue building and customizing as you learn more about React and React Hooks!

Edit cool-burnell-t4lef

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